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中印巴团结打造喜马拉雅文明圈绿洲
2019-03-10
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    2019年3月初发生的印度-巴基斯坦军事冲突与潜在的核子战争危机应该提醒我们认识到世界发展的基本形势。我们的世界是文明国绿洲在民族国沙漠包围之中。只有消除沙漠,绿洲才能生存。中国这个两千多年的文明国从民族国(满清和西方列强及日本)的压迫下解放出来,重建文明国绿洲还不到一个世纪,仍然处在民族国世界沙漠包围之中,形势仍然严峻。当前看到:一方面,在西方列强操纵下的世界舆论展示出越来越响亮的反华叫嚣;另一方面,与中国关系极为密切的两个紧邻——印度和巴基斯坦——七十余年来一直不能从你死我活的世仇对抗中解脱出来。一旦对抗形势失控,就会导致大规模毁灭性战争的爆发,使中国发展 大受影响。世界舆论的反华叫嚣,中国泰然处之,它就会自生自灭。当前的印巴世仇对抗使中国处于城门失火殃及池鱼的不利地位,中国必须、也有能力帮助化解。从喜马拉雅文明圈的角度来看,中国文明和印度(南亚)文明都是在喜马拉雅文明圈的摇篮里诞生的,两者有共生关系。南亚面临文明危机,中国有责任解救。

    回顾历史,中国从黄河长江流域伸延到太平洋西海岸大陆以及印度从恒河、印度河流域伸延到印度半岛次大陆都是地理共同体转变为文明共同体的进化。这以后,中国变成大一统的文明国。印度则是“分中有合”,在一个文明共同体中有许多独立自主的国家。近代印度独立运动的理想是在印度次大陆建立起大一统的文明国。英帝国主义在撤离印度之际搞了印巴分治,制造了以伊斯兰教立国的巴基斯坦。在冷战期间,美国笼络巴基斯坦对抗苏联,使印巴对抗无法缓解。现在巴基斯坦摆脱美国影响,和中国共建一带一路共同繁荣,中国和印度也达成管控冲突、改善关系的共识,一个中印巴团结打造喜马拉雅文明圈绿洲的前景已经呈现,机会难得,机不可失。

    文明国和民族国的基本区别在于前者纵向发展,后者横向发展。民族国对领土特别敏感,寸土必争,不惜诉诸武力,牺牲生命。德国和法国这样对抗了几十年,打了两次世界大战,两败俱伤,现在痛改前非。从文明国的角度来看,领土纠纷根本不应该有,有了就应该及早化解。中印两个喜马拉雅孪生兄弟在喜马拉雅母亲怀抱里争夺领土更不应该。这是不明智的,孔夫子和佛陀都不会赞成的。如果不是英殖民主义插手,中印两大文明之间绝对不会产生这个夜长梦多的边界问题。这个问题迟迟不能解决也是因为冷战的国际环境和两国本身的民族主义倾向干扰文明思维,是民族国沙漠侵入文明国绿洲的具体表现,我们不能以平常心对待。中印边界问题一日不解决,中印文明国就一日不完善、不理想,文明国就有向民族国退化的危险。

    中国和印度及早解决边界问题,要求两国积极外交磋商,更重要的是两国精英重视两大文明几千年的友好交往,中国精英应该特别感激印度对中国文明发展的贡献。在这个大前提下,督促两国政府实事求是。不要在那喜马拉雅生命禁区高度浪费财力物力生命去划一条精确的边界线,而是划出一个睦邻友好和平地带,以带代线,撤退军队,两国共同组织边警巡逻防止贩毒走私。两国共同开发边境交通运输、贸易口岸、天文水文气候站、水电站,以及登山运动、冬季运动与探险旅游避暑等设施,使喜马拉雅从天堑变为通途,成为中印一带一路的枢纽,使得喜马拉雅山麓空前繁荣。

    中印边界问题解决,南亚的政治气候就会大变样,巴基斯坦不甘落后,就会积极和印度达成协议,解决克什米尔问题,不会再发生最近的克什米尔恐怖事件。这样,喜马拉雅文明圈绿洲就会声势浩大,进一步积极打造亚洲命运共同体,造福全人类。

    CHINA INDIA AND PAKISTAN UNITE TO CREATF THE HIMALAYA SPHERE CIVILIZATION OASIS

    TAN CHUNG

    The Indo-Pak military conflict broke out in early March 2019 and the potential crisis of a nuclear war should open our eyes to the real picture of our world, namely, the oases of the civilization states are under siege of the desert of the nation states. The oases must diminish the desert to survive. The two-millennial old civilization state of China had been liberated from the york of the nation states (Manchu, Western powers and Japan) and has rebuilt its civilization oasis for less than a century. It is still besieged by the nation states desert and the situation remains grave. We see that, on the one hand, the world opinion manipulated by the Western powers plays out an increasingly loud Sinophobic cacophony while, on the other hand, the two intimate close neighbours of China – India and Pakistan – are unable to free themselves from the life-and-death rivalry treating each other as arch enemies for seventy odd years. A war of mass destruction can flare up when the Indo-Pak confrontation runs out of control. Chinese development would be adversely affected. While the Sinophobic cacophony will die its natural death when China maintains its cool and nonchalance, the Indo-Pak confrontation keeps China in a disadvantageous position just as the Chinese proverb says: “When the city gate catches fire the fish in the nearby ponds  suffer.” China has to, and is in a position to help in diminishing it. From the perspective of the Himalaya Sphere, both the Chinese and Indian (South Asian) civilizations were born in the cradle of the Himalaya Sphere. Both are symbiotic. China has the responsibility of helping South Asia in times of a civilization crisis.

    Delving into history, India went through a course of expansion from the vallies of the Indus and Ganga to the entire subcontinent of the Inidan Peninsula just as China expanding from the vallies of Huanghe and Yangtze to the western shore of the Pacific Ocean – sharing the evolutionary experience of the transformation of a common geographic entity into a common civilization entity. After that, China developed further into a unified civilization state while India had hundreds of independent states within the sphere of Indian civilization in the spirit of unity in diversity. The dream of modern independence movement of India  was to create a unified civilization state in the Indian peninsula. Unfortunately, when it was departing from India, the British imperialism staged the partition and created a Pakistan which made Islam its polity. During the cold war, the United States instigated Pakistan against the Soviet Union which prevented India and Pakistan from easing their confrontation. Today, Pakistan is free from the US manipulation and has joined China in the joint endeavour of Belt-Road construction for prosperity. Meanwhile, Indi nd China have reached the consensus of conflict management and improvement of relationship. The prospect of the three states of China, India and Pakistan uniting together to create the Himalaya Sphere civilization oasis has emerged in the horizon. This is a rare opportunity that we should not miss.

    The fundamental difference between the civilization state and nation state lies in the vertical development of the former against the horizontal development of the latter. The nation state is obsessed with terriyory, scrambling for every inch of it with the use of force at the cost of human life. Germany and France did this for many decades and destroyed themselves in two World Wars. Now they have realized their mistakes and departed from that ruinous path resolutely. From the perspective of civilization state, there should not be any territorial dispute. If there is it should be resolved immediately. It is absolutely absurd that the Himalayan twins of China and are India indulging in territorial scramble on the lap of Mother Himaalaya. It is stupid and illogical. Confucius and Buddha would never have approved it. It would never have happened had the British colonial power not played dirty in the matter. The two great millennial civilizations of China and India would never have created this nightmarish border problem. That this problem has remained unresolved is partly due to the cold war international environment. Also, the civilization mindset is disoriented by the passion of nationalism in China and India. Here is a concrete example of the erosion of the oasis of the civilization state caused by the desertification of the nation state. The Chinese and Indian civilizations will remain imperfect as long as the border problem remains unsolved. There is the potential danger of both countries degenerating into nation states. We must not be complacent.

    Though the resolution of the border problem requires energetic diplomatic negotiations, more important is for the elites of China and India to treasure the millennial friendly interactions and intercourse between the two great civilizations. The Chinese elite should be especially grateful to the tremendous Indian contribution to the Chinese civilization. The peoples of China and India should urge their governments desisting from squandering resourses and lives in search of a precise boundary line at the forbidden height where not a blade of grass can grow. Instead, a belt of demilitarized zone can become the China-India border. The two countries can have a joint police force ther to prevent smuggling and drug trafficking. The two countries can have a joint endeavour in various constructions along the border such as communication and transportation infrastructure, trade ports, meteorological stations, hydro-poer stations, mountaineering and winter games facilities, tourist and summer resorts, and so on. In this way, Himalaya will be transformed from a barrier into a thoroughfare. It will become the hub of the Belt-Road construction for mutual prosperity. The Himalaya foothills will enjoy unprecedented economic affluence.

    There will be a sea change in the political atmosphere of South Asia after the resolution of the China-India border problem. Pakistan will be energized to solve the Kashmir problem with India. The recent terror attack in Kashmir will not recur. Thus, the Himalaya civilization oasis will gather momentum to further create the Asian entity of common destiny to bless the entire humanity.

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  • 会全力赴向印度。因为他们要尽可能把搞垮能分食他们利益的国家。这时的中国只能审时度势退到一旁隔岸观火。当代中国有点象中医现状,满嘴跑火车的理论家到处都是,真正能做临床的凤毛鳞角。
    2019/3/11 10:12:44
  • 中国、俄罗斯、印度能走到一起无任是占地面积人口数量地底资源都有无敌的优势,这么的市场世界无人能比。然而越是简单的事情越难做到。我相信这世界有暗势力存在,有人的地方就有暗势力,小到一个自然村。暗势力不允许中丶俄、印三国联手怎么办?其中最倒霉的是印度。中、俄当前足以自保,恶势力在拿不下中国、俄罗斯之后
    2019/3/11 10:05:44
  • 红卫兵!世界其余各国更需要中国!!!--------印度人愿意交还被占中国领土吗?!
    2019/3/11 6:11:21
  • 其实,现在机会来了。中国与印度的经济状况,高度的互补。许多人到广州,到义乌,发现越来越多的印度人,到中国做生意。中国质优价廉的产品,非常非常适宜印度人的需要。印度也越来越成为中国最大的海外市场。印度需要中国,中国也需要印度。两个世界人口最多的国家,正在逐渐走向一体化。
    2019/3/11 2:50:08
  • 2017年中印边界对峙事件中,争议地区铜郎根本不是在中印边界,而是印度以不丹宗主国的身份代为向中国出头,说铜郎是属于不丹的。
    问题的关键是印度对不丹的新殖民主义政策。
    印度已经对中印边界的争议地区殖民,大量的印度人入住该地区。
    在今年二月,印度总理莫迪前往有争议的中印边界东段地区(中国称藏南地区,印度称阿鲁纳恰尔邦)参与活动,中国外交部对此表示“坚决反对”。
    2019/3/10 15:55:32
  • 中国和印度同是1955年在印尼万隆召开的亚非会议的倡议国,强调国与国之间的和平共处。
    想不到成了英国殖民地以后才统一的印度,竟然继续英国对中国西藏的扩张主义政策。在1962年发生中印战争,破坏亚非国家团
    结一致和平共处的外交政策。
    2019/3/10 14:08:55
  • 英文的通讯社一般没有Indo-Pak的写法,我在英文网站查了一下,最简的是Indo-Pakistani,最多是India Pakistan,或 India and Pakistan。
    巴基斯坦的通讯社有使用PAK India War,那是要强调巴基斯坦的主体性。
    我现在开始学习英文写作,常常写错英文字,而使用Microsoft Word,可以发现和纠正我的错误。
    2019/3/10 13:32:45
  • 理想很丰满,现实很骨感。
    虽然中国和印度都是文明型国家。但是,我们是处在一个现代的民族主义高涨的时代。
    文明最终要战胜民族,但是,他也必须吸收、消化一些民族性的东西。
    印度精英阶层受西方殖民思想影响至深。锡金是被他们强行吞并的。不丹、尼泊尔都受他们的控制而不能和中国正常交往。
    与狼对峙,虽然你不能也是狼,但是,你不能拿与人对峙的思想去思想。
    放弃幻想,准备好事多磨吧。
    2019/3/10 10:35:32
  • 中国和印度是否能友好并像博主所说打造一个共同的文明绿洲,也许未来可以,现在还看不到这个可能。
    在印度眼里,中国一直是一个竞争对手、甚至是敌人。印度也是一个自诩大国,野心绝不止于现今,如果让印度与中国坦诚合作,必须是在满足野心之后,或世界变化使之不得已而为之。
    2019/3/10 8:59:54
  • 不赞同楼主!-------与印度友好,只能是,只应该是,只可能是建立在一带一路世界一体化前提下的中印友好!-------作为地缘政治等的,与巴基斯坦铁哥似的友好,是不可能的,也不应该的!
    2019/3/10 7:50:48
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祖籍湖南,1929年生于马来西亚,在印度大学教书将近半个世纪,现退休定居芝加哥。毕生继承父志(父亲谭云山,有“现代玄奘”之称)从事促进中印友谊与相互了解的事业,中英文著述20余本。2010年荣获印度政府颁发的二等莲花奖,是继季羡林后获奖的第二位中国学者。2013年荣获泰戈尔创办的印度国际大学最高荣誉学位,是继周恩来、谭云山、巫白慧后得此荣誉的第四位中国人。


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